American University of Beirut


American University of Beirut: Phoenix

American University of Beirut



 Second Place

Phoenix: Kafala System in Lebanon

5890 6800
5890 6780


Research Team: 

Joe Bou Saba, Saad Melhem, Elishammah Nyaba, Ali Rahwanji


Problem Statement: 

“We’ve dug deeper into the Kafala system problem, whereby domestic migrant workers are brought to Lebanon under misleading information to supposedly do simple housework. This situation can sadly enable the Kafeel (sponsor) to abuse the domestic worker, with no laws and regulations to stop him. Our research investigates and evaluates the structures that fosters the operations of the Kafala system in Lebanon. We also explore how these structures play into the systematic violence and abuse experienced by domestic workers.”